There is little difference between counselling and psychotherapy.
Counselling is the term generally given to a brief form of therapy which can last between 6 to 12 sessions, while psychotherapy consists of more in-depth work and is open ended (several months or years).
The term "transpersonal" was first coined by psychologist Carl Jung. Transpersonal Counselling / Psychotherapy can help clients in the same way as any other type of therapy, as it encompasses many other types of therapy. It includes the full range of behavioural, emotional and intellectual disorders as in traditional psychotherapies, as well as uncovering and supporting striving for full self-actualization. The End State of psychotherapy is not seen as successful adjustment to the prevailing culture but rather the daily experience of that state called liberation and individuation.
Ken Wilber, one of the best known thinkers in the field, says that Transpersonal Psychology fully acknowledges and incorporates the findings of modern psychiatry, behaviourism and developmental psychology, and then adds, where necessary, the further insights and experiences of the existential and spiritual dimensions of the human being.
Roberto Assagioli, the founder of Psychosynthesis and one of the first psychoanalysts in Italy, was a visionary who sowed the seeds of many current ideas and methods in Transpersonal Psychotherapy. Psychosynthesis brings together different orientations in psychotherapy: Psychoanalysis, Humanistic Psychology and Transpersonal Psychology. In broad terms we can say that these concern themselves with the past, the present and the future and are reflected in Assagioli's core model which differentiates human consciousness into the Lower, Middle and Higher Unconscious. The Lower, which links with psychoanalysis, leads to an analysis of origins; the Middle, which links with Humanistic Psychology focuses on the here-and-now and the Higher, linked with Transpersonal Psychology, leads to exploring future potentials. This tripartite differentiation forms the structural basis of Psychosynthesis Psychotherapy. It is a holistic approach which takes into consideration the Mind, the Body, the Heart and the Soul.